Obstetric fistula has likely been around as long as women have been having babies. The earliest record that we have is an Egyptian mummy, Queen Henheit, who was found to have had an obstetric fistula back in 2050 BC.
Dr. J. Marion Sims, although controversial for his performing surgeries on African American Slaves, was able to develop a surgical procedure to treat obstetric fistula which was the precursor to what is used today to cure patients.
Until the advent of Caesarian Section surgery, there were many women in the United States with Obstetric fistula. There was even a fistula hospital in New York City, however, after the development of Caesarian Sections this hospital was torn down and is now the site of the Waldorf Astoria.